Biomimicry & Design: Lotus Building & Super-Trees of Singapore
If we think about it, we’ll be able to conclude that the best and most innovative ideas of humankind were inspired by natural processes. That is exactly the topic of biomimicry – the design trend, which borrows ideas from nature to implement them in our daily lives. We already found out how rainforests of Brazil gave birth to green eco-houses in Sao Paolo and how a local Singaporean fruit gave an idea of making a spiky roof above the Esplanade Theater. Now we’re moving further to learn more about the application of biomimicry in Singaporean architecture.
Artscience Museum in Singapore found a new way to utilize biomimicry concept – this hi-tech building in the shape of a lotus washes and provides itself with light on its own.
The “receptacle” of the giant flower with 10 petals accumulates rain water. Its streams form a 35-meter-high cylindrical waterfall, the flows of which get into a small pool located in the middle of the coffee house inside the museum. Then water gets to the bathrooms of the museum and afterwards gets recycled for the second time within the framework of Singaporean Green Mark program.
Besides, the ends of the petals are faced with fiberglass polymers and designed in a way, which entirely fills exhibition halls with sunlight.
One more fresh and pretentious Singaporean project is Gardens by the Bay. In June 2012 one of its parts, Bay South, was opened for the visitors and they were amazed by the view of “super trees”. The biggest of the three gardens (with the total area of 54 hectares) is planted with giant hi-tech trees with the height of 25-50 meters.
Each of them is entwined with exotic plants and fulfilled with solar panels. The energy of 11 trees is enough to illuminate all the buildings in this part of the embankment and give multicolored lights at for the “Garden Rhapsody” night show.
On the trunks and in small greenhouses inside grown are about 163,000 of plants of 200 species, most of which are multicolored moss species, orchids and tropical flowers that are watered using the energy of the “super trees”.
Recently it has become the top trend in modern architecture to design new hi-tech projects, which would provide themselves with energy for 100%. And there are also other biomimicry features in this project: super trees can also accumulate rainwater for irrigating the gardens and fountains and cool water within the built-in system of passive ventilation.